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Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system in which a couple has been unable to achieve conception after one year of unprotected, well-timed intercourse (six months if the woman is over 35) or the woman has been unable to carry a pregnancy to a live birth. A common myth is that infertility is a woman's problem. Infertility is a medical problem which affects both sexes. Approximately 40 percent of infertility is due to female factors, 40 percent is due to male factors and the balance due to either combined or unknown factors.
In recent years, great strides have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes several different techniques or procedures to help couples achieve pregnancy after surgical and hormonal methods have failed. For many couples, ART is their best chance and hope for achieving pregnancy.